Resistance to Antibiotics: A Global Threat to Public Health

(Disponible en français: La résistance aux antibiotiques : une menace pour la santé publique de portée mondiale) Halting the spread of resistance to antibiotics is becoming one of the major global health challenges of the 21st Century. The most recent warning came in May 2016, when the Review on Antimicrobial Resistance, commissioned by the UK…

Word cloud of policy debates taking place in Parliament. Copyright: Library of Parliament.

The Regulation of Marijuana under Canadian Law

Marijuana, otherwise known as cannabis, has been legally prohibited in Canada since 1923. The 2002 report of the Senate Special Committee on Illegal Drugs noted that there was little debate surrounding this addition to the criminal law at the time; as such, the precise motivation for doing so remains unclear. Today, the prohibition of cannabis…

Gergana Krumova, a laboratory technician in a microbiological laboratory at the Bulgarian Food Safety Agency, works to isolate Escherichia coli (E.coli) bacteria strain in Sofia June 9, 2011. The European Union on Wednesday upped compensation to 210 million euros from 150 million for farmers hit by plummeting sales, after Germany first blamed cucumbers from Spain and other salad vegetables, and then German bean sprouts. Bulgaria has not registered cases of infections from the strain of Escherichia coli (E.coli) bacteria that has killed 27 people in Europe. REUTERS/Stoyan Nenov (BULGARIA - Tags: AGRICULTURE HEALTH SOCIETY SCI TECH)

Patented Drug Pricing in Canada

Sonya Norris Karin Phillips Legal and Social Affairs Division Drug pricing in Canada is an area of shared jurisdiction among federal, provincial and territorial governments. The price of every patented drug, both prescription and non-prescription, sold in Canada is regulated federally through the Patented Medicines Prices Review Board (PMPRB). The PMPRB was established in 1987…

Peace Tower close-up of clock face with detail, Parliament of Canada

Federal Health Care Funding in the Current Economic Context

Karin Phillips Legal and Social Affairs Division Provincial and territorial health care systems in Canada are facing common challenges. The population is aging; chronic non-communicable diseases are becoming increasingly prevalent; and demand is rising for new, and often costly, health technologies. This situation has been exacerbated by the 2008 global recession. It has placed pressure…

Part II: The International Security of Medical Isotope Supply: Assessment of Potential Technologies

Mohamed Zakzouk        Economics, Resources and International Affairs Division (This is the second in a series of two HillNotes on The International Security of Medical Isotope Supply. Part one explores progress in Canada and abroad.) The main technology options available to produce molybdenum-99 (99Mo) (or technetium-99m (99mTc) directly) can be grouped under two broad categories: reactor-based…

Part I: The International Security of Medical Isotope Supply: A Work in Progress

Mohamed Zakzouk Economics, Resources and International Affairs Division (This is the first in a series of two HillNotes on The International Security of Medical Isotope Supply. Part two provides an assessment of potential technologies.) The global supply of medical isotopes remains uncertain, despite increased efforts at home and abroad to secure production sources. The isotope technetium-99m…

Organ Donation in Canada

Sonya Norris Legal and Social Affairs Division Every year, the number of Canadians awaiting organ transplantation surgery surpasses the number of organs available for transplant. On average, 225 patients die each year while awaiting a transplant. In Canada, the third week in April – this year, 19–25 April – is National Organ and Tissue Donor…