Update – Ratifying and Implementing Trade and Investment Treaties in Canada

Under Canada’s constitutional system, the conduct of foreign affairs is a royal prerogative power of the federal Crown. Consequently, the Executive Branch has the exclusive power to negotiate and conclude international treaties. Parliament has the exclusive power to enact legislation to implement those treaties. As Canada continues to enter into such treaties, a number of…

A Primer on Driverless and Connected Vehicles

Driverless vehicles, otherwise known as autonomous, automated or self-driving cars, are no longer science fiction. Several companies around the world are testing both driverless and so-called “connected” vehicles. Canadian consumers can currently access vehicles with low levels of automation and connectivity. On 20 September 2016, the United States Department of Transportation unveiled guidelines for the…