a judge's gavel and the Canadian flag in the background

Sentencing and the Administration of Sentences: Recent Developments (2011-2015)

Sentencing tools were much in the spotlight as the Canadian Government continued to promote law-and-order legislation during the 41st Parliament. New mandatory minimum sentences were among reforms to the sentencing regime introduced during the past four years. Other reforms included the enhancement of victim rights, the creation of specific offences and risk management measures, as…

Wireless and Wifi icons

Changes in the Canadian Wireless Telecommunications Sector

In 1993, the last year there was a major revision of the Telecommunications Act, telecommunications consisted mostly of voice communication over landlines. At that time, revenue for wireless communications amounted to just over 6% of the revenue for landline (or wireline) communications; today, wireless revenue has grown to almost 150% of that for landline. While…

Logo of the International Organisation de la Francophonie (IOF). Logo from the IOF

An Economic Strategy for the International Francophonie

International Francophonie Day is celebrated every March 20, the date on which the International Organisation of La Francophonie (IOF) was created. While it has essentially been a cultural, educational and social community since the beginning, La Francophonie has always considered the importance of reinforcing an economic dimension. At the 15th Francophonie Summit held in Dakar…

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Computer Privacy and Security: Lawful and Unlawful Access

Canadians increasingly store or access personal information on their computers and mobile devices, much of which can be accessed by others, whether lawfully or not. Cybercrime, or computer crime, is also increasing. As technology advances, cybercriminals are using more sophisticated methods that make it easier for them to avoid detection. The challenge for lawmakers has…

International Women's Day, rose and calendar date. Image: Thinkstock.com

Update – Women in Canada’s Parliament

In 1921, Agnes Macphail was the first woman to be elected to Canada’s House of Commons and the only woman to serve in the 14th Parliament. In 1930, Cairine Wilson was sworn in as Canada’s first female senator. These female trailblazers opened the doors of Parliament to future generations of Canadian women. Since then, Canadian…

Industrial pipe with gas and oil

Market (dis)Connection in Canada’s Oil and Natural Gas Sectors

Mathieu Frigon & Mohamed Zakzouk Library of Parliament To be profitable, energy resources must be transported economically under favourable market conditions. Recent shifts in the trade dynamics of Canada’s oil and gas sectors shed light on the critical link between transportation infrastructure and market access. OIL: Increasing western production needs access to world markets A substantial…