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Parliament and the Courts: Balancing the Roles

Maxime Charron-Tousignant Robin MacKay Legal and Social Affairs Division The role of judges and the courts in the evolution of Canadian law must be examined in the Canadian federal and constitutional context. It is closely linked to the role of Parliament and the provincial legislative assemblies (legislative branch). The judicial branch is independent, and its…

Supreme Court of Canada Building

The Role of the Supreme Court of Canada – Membership and the Nomination Process

Maxime Charron-Tousignant Robin MacKay Legal and Social Affairs Division The Supreme Court of Canada was created by Statute in 1875 and since that time its membership and nomination process have evolved considerably. The Court acts as a general court of appeal for Canada, deriving its authority from section 101 of the Constitution Act, 1867 and…

Parliament and Monetary Policy in Canada

Mathieu Frigon and Michaël Lambert-Racine Economics, Resources and International Affairs Division Monetary policy is one of the two key components of the Government of Canada’s economic policy, the other being fiscal policy. Fiscal policy includes measures by the government to raise revenue (taxation, user fees, etc.) and spend funds (transfers, programs, etc.), whereas monetary policy…

Peace Tower close-up of clock face with detail, Parliament of Canada

Parliamentary Diplomacy, Canadian Parliamentarians and the World

Natalie Mychajlyszyn Economics, Resources and International Affairs Division In today’s complex world, the lines between domestic and international policy are blurred and governments are no longer the only global actors. As a result, Canadian parliamentarians are more than ever stepping outside their legislative chambers to speak directly with their international counterparts. In Canada, diplomatic engagement…

Peace Tower close-up of clock face with detail, Parliament of Canada

The Parliamentary Financial Cycle: An Introduction

Alex Smith Economics, Resources and International Affairs Division One of Parliament’s fundamental roles is to review and approve the federal government’s taxation and spending plans. While budget-setting is an executive function, the government cannot change taxation rates, impose new taxes or spend public funds without Parliament’s approval. This document provides an introduction to the parliamentary…